Rose Cut Diamond - The Definitive Guide (2023)

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by Suzanne Sachs 5 min read



The rose cut diamond is a captivating vintage shape that lends an air of luxury and uniqueness to jewelry. But what exactly is a rose cut, and how does it impact the diamond's overall appearance? In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the intricacies of the rose cut diamond, providing you with all the information you need to understand and appreciate this exquisite vintage gemstone.



In this guide, we will explain the following:

  • What is a Rose Cut Diamond?
  • Rose Cut Diamond Faceting
  • Rose Cut Diamond Brilliance
  • Rose Cut Diamond History
  • Antique Appeal
  • Rose Cut Diamond Shape Variations
  • Buying a Rose Cut Diamond Ring
  • Color and Clarity
  • Vintage Rose Cut Settings
  • Rose Cut Diamond Ring Care
  • Choosing a Rose Cut Diamond

What is a Rose Cut Diamond?

A rose cut diamond is a vintage diamond cut that originated in the 16th century and gained popularity during the Georgian and Victorian eras. It is named after the resemblance of its shape to the unfolding petals of a rosebud. The rose cut diamond typically has a flat base with anywhere from three to 24 facets on the crown, forming a symmetrical pattern. This cutting style creates a subtle and romantic appeal, with a softer glow compared to the brilliant-cut diamonds. The number of facets can vary, resulting in different variations of the rose cut, such as the single rose cut, double rose cut, or full rose cut.


• Rose Cut Diamond Faceting

The Rose cut diamonds have a unique faceting style that sets them apart from other diamond cuts. Instead of the complex faceting patterns seen in brilliant-cut diamonds, the rose cut features a simpler design with a flat base (pavilion) and a domed top (crown). 

The crown of a rose cut diamond consists of triangular facets arranged in a symmetrical pattern, meeting at a point in the center known as the table. The number of facets can vary, typically ranging from 3 to 24, with 12 or 24 facets being the most common configurations. The triangular facets radiate outward from the center, creating a beautiful and distinctive pattern resembling the petals of a rose. The pavilion of a rose cut diamond is usually flat, lacking the intricate faceting found in other diamond cuts. This flat base maximizes the visual impact of the stone's surface area and carat weight, as there is no hidden mass beneath the diamond. The absence of a pavilion also means that rose cut diamonds tend to have a shallower depth compared to brilliant-cut diamonds.


• Rose Cut Diamond Brilliance

The faceting of a rose cut diamond creates a unique play of light, emphasizing a subtle and romantic glow rather than the intense sparkle seen in brilliant-cut diamonds. The facets reflect light in a different manner, giving the stone a distinct vintage charm and a more subdued, understated elegance.


My experience with Vintage Diamond Ring was so excellent I really had to think about it for a while. First their selection of jewelry is profound. The quality is superior.”

 Claude P verified buyer

• Rose Cut Diamond History

The rose cut diamond has a rich history that dates back several centuries. It originated in the 16th century and gained popularity during the Georgian and Victorian eras, reaching its peak in the 17th and 18th centuries. Rose cut diamonds were highly sought after during the Georgian and Victorian eras, particularly in the 18th and 19th centuries. They were used extensively in jewelry designs of that time, including engagement rings, earrings, brooches, and tiaras. The rose cut's gentle sparkle and vintage charm complemented the intricate designs and delicate craftsmanship of the era.


• Antique Appeal

The faceting of a rose cut diamond creates a unique play of light, emphasizing a subtle and romantic glow rather than the intense sparkle seen in brilliant-cut diamonds. The facets reflect light in a different manner, giving the stone a distinct vintage charm and a more subdued, understated elegance. Overall, the faceting of a rose cut diamond contributes to its antique appeal, offering a timeless and captivating look that appeals to those seeking a vintage-inspired or unique diamond option.


• Rose Cut Diamond Shape Variations

Rose cut diamonds can come in various shape variations, each with its own unique characteristics and appeal. Rose cuts can also be found in more unusual shapes, such as pear shape, cushion, hexagon and kite-shaped.

The round rose cut is one of the most classic and popular variations. It features a round-shaped diamond with a flat bottom (pavilion) and a domed top (crown) adorned with triangular facets and was popular as a side accent.

The pear rose cut combines the shape of a pear diamond with the faceting of a rose cut. It has a rounded bottom and a pointy top, creating a teardrop shape with a beautiful play of light.

The cushion rose cut features a square or rectangular-shaped diamond with rounded corners. It has a flat bottom and a crown adorned with triangular facets, adding vintage charm to this popular diamond shape.

The hexagonal rose cut stands out with its six-sided shape. It features a flat bottom and a crown adorned with triangular facets that radiate outward, resulting in a stunning and geometric appearance.


Suzanne was amazing! I utilized the layaway service and it was a breeze. Ring made its way to Texas and was even more gorgeous in person."
 Chloe G verified buyer

Buying a Rose Cut Diamond Ring

Understanding the intricacies of a rose cut can assist you in determining whether its stone shape aligns with your style preferences. Given the relative rarity of these stones in today's market, it is advisable to collaborate with a reputable vintage retailer that specializes in older, distinctive diamond shapes. This ensures that the authenticity of the stone is verified and the cut quality meets your expectations.

• Color and Clarity

For a rose cut diamond to showcase its utmost beauty, it is recommended to select one with higher color and clarity ratings. Additionally, it is crucial to ensure that the diamond is free from significant flaws that could potentially develop into larger cracks or chips when subjected to accidental stress. Although even minor flaws may be visible in rose cuts, it is important to approach the evaluation of the stone's overall quality with a practical mindset.


• Vintage Rose Cut Settings

Vintage rose cut diamonds have a timeless charm that pairs beautifully with vintage-inspired settings. An Art Deco setting features geometric shapes, bold lines, and intricate details. This setting complements the rose cut diamond's vintage charm and creates a striking and distinctive look. A cluster or flower setting combines multiple smaller rose cut diamonds to create the illusion of a larger diamond or a flower shape. This setting was popular during the Victorian era and adds a romantic and feminine touch to the ring. A halo setting, where the center rose cut diamond is surrounded by smaller rose cut diamonds, creates a captivating vintage look. The combination of rose cut diamonds in the halo setting adds an extra layer of sparkle and nostalgia.


Rose Cut Diamond Ring Care

Once you've purchased a rose cut diamond ring, it is crucial to provide it with proper care to maintain its optimal appearance. Since these flat-bottomed diamonds are positioned close to the skin, they are more prone to accumulating body oils, dust, dirt, and other substances that can diminish their sparkle. Regular cleaning using a mild degreasing cleanser is essential to preserve the diamond's brightness and brilliance. Additionally, employing a soft, lint-free cloth will help buff the stone's surface, resulting in a captivating shine..

Due to the larger and more prominent facets of rose cut diamonds compared to modern diamond cuts, it is important to take precautions to prevent chips and scratches. Safeguarding your rose cut diamond jewelry involves storing it separately from other pieces, utilizing lint-free bags or individual dishes to minimize contact and potential scratching. Furthermore, it is advisable to remove the jewelry before engaging in activities that could potentially cause nicks or chips, such as household cleaning, gym workouts, gardening, and similar endeavors. 


Regular inspections by an experienced jeweler are essential for maintaining the quality and longevity of diamond jewelry, with particular importance placed on vintage pieces. These inspections meticulously identify any weaknesses in settings, bands, fasteners, clasps, and other components of the jewelry, enabling timely repairs before any stones are at risk of being lost. It is advisable to document these inspections, as they serve as valuable records for jewelry insurance coverage and can prove invaluable in the event of loss or theft.


I've purchased two vintage rings from Suzanne over the past decade and my wife has loved both. Great service, communication and speedy delivery.”

 Lee S verified buyer

Choosing a Rose Cut Diamond

A rose cut diamond is a unique and distinctive choice for all types of diamond jewelry, and understanding more about this cut can help you make an informed choice for your vintage diamond jewelry preferences. When thoughtfully chosen, however, a rose cut ring can be a stunning symbol of the complex and intricate love a couple shares.


Antique Engagement Rings For Everyone:

No matter which era is your favorite, these time-honored rings have a rich history and individualized character and will continue to have a timeless beauty and elegant appeal that is part of a legacy to pass on to future generations.

Find The Perfect Engagement Ring:

Antique diamond cuts are prized not only for their beauty but also for their exquisite attention to detailing and faceting. If you’re looking for a ring with a sense of glamour, sophistication and vintage charm, explore our collection of rose cut diamond rings today!


Suzanne Sachs

Suzanne has always believed vintage rings can change lives. She's been in the jewelry industry for over 35 years, working with vintage jewelers, diamond dealers, diamond cutters, and gemologists. Suzanne started Artdecodiamonds in 2000 and understood the demand for vintage rings throughout the world. She ultimately started in 2014, and understands each vintage ring is a reflection of you – your history, your relationships, your style, your elegance and is honored to have the opportunity to help you showcase your flair in a unique and exquisite way.


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